1. What skills are necessary when making decisions?
这个题目在回答的过程当中，同学们容易陷进“skills”的陷阱当中去，很多同学对于skills这个单词的理解非常的狭隘，认为只有“技术性”、“技能性”的才能叫做skills，其实，只要是和能力相关，只要是表示“能做什么样的事情”，都可以用skills这个词来表达。比如雅思听力当中就常常出现writing skills和study skills这种表达，这个时候我们就不一定非要僵硬地把这个词组理解成“写作/学习技能”，而是直接说“写作/学习能力”更好一些。
具体来说，做决定的时候，我们需要搜集信息，需要跟他人沟通讨论，有时候甚至需要坚持自己的主张(assert my opinions)或者控制情绪，这些都可以作为答案内容。
Making decisions is a complex process, which might involve a great many skills. For starters, the ability of collecting facts and figures is essential, because the first step of making a decision is to get a whole understanding of the relevant information. Sometimes, we need to be computer-literate to look up information on the Internet. Secondly, we shall be able to do some data analysis so that we can make a wise decision. In addition, we need to keep calm inside, even when it is an urgent situation and we are asked to make prompt decisions, otherwise we might decide on something and regret it quite soon. Finally, a good decision-maker should be able to control his own mood and never get emotional, since we are not likely to make a good decision when we are thrilled, furious or anxious. So to sum up, there are plenty of necessary skills when making a decision. Sometimes we are not even aware of them.
2. How can people improve their decision-making skills?
I think people can improve their decision-making skills the way they do to improve all other skills – by learning and practising. If someone feels that he is not good at making decisions, the first thing he might have to do is to observe – to find outhow others will react when it comes to a similar circumstance. The second step is to compare and contrast. By doing this, people can have a clear understanding of the strong points and the weakness in their decision-making process, so that they could make a progress. The key point of improving the decision-making skills lies in practice. Just like everything, decision-making skills could get strengthened only when we put them into reality. Provided we keep training ourselves in this way, we can all become wise and responsible decision-makers.
3. Do parents in China allow their children to make important decisions aboutthe future?
比如这个题目，可以说yes，当然也可以说no，当然更可以说两者兼而有之，具体怎么操作，可以看考生擅长往哪个方面发挥。并且，建议考生根据这种“in your country / in China”如何如何的题目，准备好一个框架，可以是it depends on…，或者it varies…，接着说因为各地的情况、各个阶层的情况都不一样，最后再详细讲自己看到的、自己了解到的情况是怎样的，这样的答案层次感也比较好。
Well, it’s unlikely to simply say yes or no to this question, since things differ enormously in different families. Some parents allow their children to make almost every decision about the future, from what major to choose, to what kind of person to marry.These are so-called “open-minded” or “enlightened” parents. They are also the popular ones. Children all dream of having this kind of parents and those who do have, are often very proud, confident and independent. However, there are some other parents, who act in a totally opposite way. They feel that they could not trust their children to make any decision, let alone important ones. They are overprotective parents, and without knowing it, they might even ruin their children’s life in the name of “love”. It’s actually very terrible. To me, one of the greatest jobs of a parent is to teach the children how to make decisions on their own, so that children can grow up as mature, responsible adults.
4. How do you think computers will change the way people make decisions?
Computer can change how people make decisions thoroughly, as they do in every other aspect of people’s life. For example, they may accelerate the decision-making process because with a computer, people can deal with information much faster. Also, people who are used to working on a computer might have changed fundamentally so that they could make totally different decisions from those made by previous generations, even when they are under similar circumstances. However, it’s not always a good thing to have a computer beside us when making decisions, for the information online is sometimes excessive and highly debatable. Computers, can mess up the decision-making process by offering too much unreliable, confusing information.
compare and contrast：比较对比
overprotective：过度?；さ?br /> in the name of：以某人/某事的名义